Maine Coon – Polydactyl

Maine Coon – Polydactyl

The Maine Coon is a popular breed of domestic cat known for its large size, distinctive appearance, and gentle nature. One of the unique characteristics of this breed is its polydactyl trait. In this article, we will explore what it means for a Maine Coon to be polydactyl, its history, characteristics, and frequently asked questions about this fascinating cat breed.

1. What is a polydactyl Maine Coon?

A polydactyl Maine Coon is a cat that has more toes than the usual number found in other domestic cat breeds. While most cats have five toes on their front paws and four on their hind paws, polydactyl Maine Coons can have extra toes on one or more of their paws. This genetic mutation is commonly seen in Maine Coons, although it can occur in other cat breeds as well.

2. History of polydactyl Maine Coons

Polydactylism is not exclusive to the Maine Coon breed. It is believed to have originated in Europe and was brought to North America by early settlers. Some theories suggest that polydactyl cats were highly valued by sailors as they were believed to be better at catching mice and rats due to their extra digits. In fact, polydactyl cats were often referred to as “ship’s cats” and were considered good luck aboard ships.

3. Characteristics of polydactyl Maine Coons

Polydactyl Maine Coons typically have larger paws compared to non-polydactyl Maine Coons. Their extra toes may give their paws a wider appearance, often described as “mitten-like” or resembling a snowshoe. The number of extra toes can vary, with some polydactyl Maine Coons having up to seven toes on one paw.

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4. Health considerations

While polydactylism is generally not associated with any health issues in Maine Coons, it is important to note that these cats may require extra care and attention when it comes to trimming their nails. The extra toes can sometimes cause the nails to grow in unusual directions, leading to potential discomfort or ingrown nails. Regular nail trims and proper maintenance can help prevent any complications.

5. Breeding polydactyl Maine Coons

Breeding polydactyl Maine Coons requires specific genetic traits to be passed down from both parents. Responsible breeders carefully select their breeding cats to ensure the continuation of the polydactyl trait without compromising the overall health and well-being of the kittens. It is essential to consult with a reputable breeder who specializes in polydactyl Maine Coons if you are interested in owning one.


In conclusion, the polydactyl trait in Maine Coons adds to the charm and uniqueness of this already remarkable breed. While it does not affect their overall health, polydactyl Maine Coons do require additional care in maintaining their paws and nails. Whether you are a fan of the Maine Coon breed or simply fascinated by genetic variations in cats, the polydactyl Maine Coon is a delightful and intriguing companion.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Are polydactyl Maine Coons more prone to certain health issues?

No, polydactyl Maine Coons are not more prone to specific health issues. However, it is crucial to provide them with proper nail care due to the additional toes.

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Q2: Can I show a polydactyl Maine Coon in cat shows?

Yes, polydactyl Maine Coons can participate in cat shows as long as they meet the breed standards and requirements set by the cat show organizers.

Q3: How can I ensure the well-being of my polydactyl Maine Coon?

Providing regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, plenty of exercise, and a stimulating environment are essential for maintaining the well-being of any Maine Coon, including polydactyls.

Q4: Do all Maine Coons have the polydactyl trait?

No, not all Maine Coons have the polydactyl trait. It is relatively common in the breed but not a defining characteristic.

Q5: Can polydactyl Maine Coons be kept as indoor cats?

Absolutely! Whether a Maine Coon is polydactyl or not, they can adapt well to indoor living as long as they have enough space, enrichment, and opportunities for exercise.